Nike factory workers pay 201819.11.2020
Do Nike Factory Workers in Vietnam Earn 20 Cents Per Hour?
Factory workers for the shoe and apparel company Nike make just 20 US cents an hour and work up to 80 hours a week, claims a meme shared on Facebook in South Africa. It shows women working an assembly line covered with rows of Nike shoes. US fact-checking organisation Snopes investigated the meme in September and found it had both true and false elements. InAmerican football quarterback Colin Kaepernick joined ongoing protests against racial injustice in the US — particularly the deaths of black people at the hands of police.
On 4 September Nike announced an endorsement deal with Kaepernick. Some thought that Kaepernick was being hypocritical by criticising injustice against black people in the US while agreeing to be an ambassador for Nike, which had a historical reputation for treating its workers poorly. The day after the deal was announced, conservative US political commentator Ryan Fournier tweeted :.
The photo in the tweet is real. It was taken in by a photographer from US news agency Associated Press. Snopes asked Fournier for the source of his claims but did not get a response. But they traced the pay rate of 20 cents an hour to reports from the mids. A study by the Transnational Resource and Action Center looked into working conditions at the Tae Kwang Vina factory in Vietnam, which employed 9, workers.
The study also found that some night-shift workers worked This could work out to or more overtime hours a year, well above the Vietnamese legal maximum of overtime hours a year. The public criticism prompted Nike to introduce a code of conduct at its Vietnamese factories, implement US labour laws there and bring in health and environmental protections for workers.
Wages for Vietnamese Nike workers have since increased. That meant Nike workers in Vietnam earned 61 to 89 cents an hour inbased on a working week of 48 hours. But the Clean Clothes Campaign pointed out that the effects of inflation and an increased cost of living in Vietnam since the s meant the increase in the hourly wage was not that significant.
According to the map Women seem to make up the majority of workers in most Nike factories around the world. All overtime work must be agreed to and should not exceed 60 hours a week. Nike requires that workers are paid at least the minimum wage required by country law. Workers must also be provided with benefits such as holidays, leave and severance pay when employment ends. While it is true that factory workers in Vietnam earned 20 cents an hour in the s and often worked between 70 and 80 hours a week, the pay has since increased and the rules on working hours strengthened.
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Publishers guide. This means fewer people will see it.They're one of the world's top sports clothing brands, but for years Nike have been dogged by allegations of sweatshops and child labour.
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Now workers making Nike's Converse shoes at a factory in Indonesia say they are being physically and mentally abused.
Workers at the Sukabumi plant, about 60 miles from Jakarta, say supervisors frequently throw shoes at them, slap them in the face, kick them and call them dogs and pigs.
Scared to look up: Workers, many too scared to speak up or give their names, finish their shift at one of the Indonesian factories making Converse shoes. Nike admits that such abuse has occurred among the contractors that make its hip high-tops but says there was little it could do to stop it. Dozens of interviews by The Associated Press, and a document released by Nike, show the company has a long way to go to meet the standards it set for itself a decade ago to end its reliance on sweatshop labour.
One worker at the Taiwanese-operated Pou Chen plant in Sukabumi said she was kicked by a supervisor last year after making a mistake while cutting rubber for soles. The 10, mostly female workers at the Taiwanese-operated Pou Chen plant make around 50 cents an hour.
Glamour and fame: The U. That's enough, for food and bunkhouse-type lodging, but little else. Some workers interviewed by the AP in March and April described being hit or scratched in the arm — one man until he bled. Mira Agustina, 30, said she was fired in for taking sick leave, even though she produced a doctor's note. All are major insults to Muslims.
Indonesia is the world's most populous Muslim nation. At the PT Amara Footwear factory located just outside Jakarta, where another Taiwanese contractor makes Converse shoes, a supervisor ordered six female workers to stand in the blazing sun after they failed to meet their target of completing 60 dozen pairs of shoes on time. Nike's new problem: Converse shoes, which were bought up by Nike four years, are displayed at a store in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Conditions at Converse factories are said to be worse than at other Nike factories. The women's supervisor received a warning letter for the May incident after complaints from unionized workers. Nike's own inquiries found workers at the two factories were subjected to 'serious and egregious' physical and verbal abuse, including the punishment of forcing workers to stand in the sun, said Hannah Jones, a Nike executive who oversees the company's efforts to improve working conditions.
She said: 'We do see other issues of that similar nature coming up across the supply chain but not on a frequent level. Nike, which came under heavy criticism a decade ago for its use of sweatshops and child labour, has taken steps since then to improve conditions at its 1, overseas factories. But the progress it has made at factories producing gear with its premier 'swoosh' logo is not reflected in those making Converse products, which Nike took over four years ago.
An internal report Nike released to the AP shows that nearly two-thirds of factories making Converse products worldwide fail to meet Nike's own standards for contract manufacturers. Twelve are in the most serious category, indicating problems that could range from illegally long work hours to denying access to Nike inspectors. Another 97 are in a category defined as making no progress in improving problems ranging from isolated verbal harassment to paying less than minimum wage.
Nike blames problems on pre-existing licenses to produce Converse goods that it says prevent the parent company from inspecting factories or introducing its own code of conduct. It says the situation is further complicated because the license holders themselves usually farm out the production work to a subcontractor. Some corporate experts question whether Nike is doing all it can. Prakash Sethi, a corporate strategy professor at Baruch College at the City University of New York, said: 'I simply find it impossible that a company of the size and market power of Nike is impotent in persuading a local factory in Indonesia or anywhere else in meeting its code of conduct.
Critics of outsourcing manufacturing to the lowest-cost countries say it keeps prices down but allows apparel, electronics and toy companies to reduce their accountability for the conditions in such factories.More than 7, Nike employees will be getting raises after an internal pay review, undertaken after claims of workplace misconduct and discrimination against women, shook the company and forced out several of its top executives.
The New York Times reviewed a copy. The company, which is based in Beaverton, Ore. Parker apologized to the gathered workers for missing signs of discontent. In an internal revolt this year, women at Nike said they were fed up with a company that they accused of tolerating bad behavior and excluding women from its top jobs.
At least 11 senior managers have left in the aftermath of an investigation into widespread allegations of harassment and discrimination.
Such an overhaul is rare in the corporate world, but the shake-up at Nike has been seen as an illustration of how pressure from employees is forcing even huge companies to quickly address workplace problems. News of the pay raises was reported earlier by The Wall Street Journal.
Nike also announced changes in how it will calculate employee bonuses, which were based on a combination of corporate, team and individual performance. Increasing attention to gender and racial pay inequities has prompted some businesses to adjust their compensation.Nike workers in Vietnam earn 20 cents per hour, work 70 to 80 hours per week, and are 80 percent female.
Nike workers in Vietnam are 80 percent female, and some are illegally forced to labor more than the statutory working week of 48 hours. Working between 70 and 80 hours per week is not typical for a Nike worker in Vietnam.
Labor Group: Nike Not Living up to Promises
Wages were around 20 cents per hour in the mids but have increased since then. One sentiment in particular gained traction on social media in the days following the announcement of the Nike deal: that Kaepernick was demonstrating hypocrisy by criticizing injustice against black people in the United States while also agreeing to be an ambassador for Nike, a company with a history of poor treatment of workers in the developing world.
On 4 September, conservative commentator Ryan Fournier tweeted the following widely-shared observations, along with a photograph of women making Nike shoes in a factory:.
We asked Fournier for documentation of the information in his tweet, but we did not receive a response in time for publication.
As a result of an outcry provoked by activist groups in Vietnam and the United States, the World Bank reported, Nike introduced a code of conduct at its Vietnamese factories, vowed to implement U. The Clean Clothes Campaign, an alliance which advocates on behalf of global workers in the garment industry, told us by email that wages for Vietnamese Nike workers had increased somewhat in the past 20 years and provided figures for Depending on where the factory is, workers would receive between USD and USD a month for a normal working week.
However, as the group pointed out, the effects of inflation and an increased cost of living in Vietnam since the s means that this increase in the nominal hourly wage is not as significant in real terms, and may not be that high even in nominal terms, after one accounts for forced overtime, an illegal practice documented by the Worker Rights Consortium in a report.
We asked Nike for a response to the claims in the viral September tweet and details on the average hourly wage, weekly hours, and gender breakdown of Nike workers in Vietnam. According to the manufacturing map80 percent of theNike workers in Vietnam are women, as of 6 Septemberwhich corresponds with one claim in the tweet.
The spokesperson quoted the following sections from the Nike wage policy, which can be read in full here :. Suppliers shall not require workers to work more than the regular and overtime hours allowed by the law of the country where the workers are employed. The regular work week shall not exceed 48 hours. Suppliers shall allow workers at least 24 consecutive hours of rest in every seven-day period.
All overtime work shall be consensual. Suppliers shall not request overtime on a regular basis and shall compensate all overtime work at a premium rate. Other than in extraordinary circumstances, the sum of regular and overtime hours in a week shall not exceed 60 hours.
The tweet that went viral in September stated that Nike workers in Vietnam earned 20 cents per hour. This was certainly true in the s, when a series of investigations forced the company to make changes in its labor practices. However, the pay for Nike workers in Vietnam has increased since then. The tweet also accurately asserted that 80 percent of Nike factory workers in Vietnam were women, and that they performed between 70 and 80 hours a week.
Again, there is evidence that this was so in the s, but since then conditions have improved somewhat, and an external report found that, while some workers were forced into illegal amounts of overtime, the statutory working week of 48 hours is often respected, and a working week of 70 to 80 hours is not typical. The story of a Texas woman who reportedly shared a Facebook post claiming the coronavirus outbreak was a hoax — and later reportedly died from the virus — reminds us of the dangerous potential of misinformation.
The coronavirus responsible for COVID has deadly adaptations that make it perfect for infecting humans. But this is a testament to natural selection, not bioengineering. Pollution levels in India did drop dramatically in Aprilbut beyond that the story gets a little more hazy. The U. No, but Walmart and other stores have set aside dedicated shopping hours for senior citizens. According to Arizona Rep.
Masks were commonly worn during the "Spanish flu" pandemic, but this photograph doesn't show them. Help Snopes. Become a Founding Member! Claim Nike workers in Vietnam earn 20 cents per hour, work 70 to 80 hours per week, and are 80 percent female.Knight has fallen short of his promises — far short, in some cases, according to a page report released by the Global Exchange.
Knight discounted the report, and said Nike has done more than any other corporation in the shoe-and-clothing industry to make sure workers are treated fairly. Knight said, the company has promoted globalization of its workforce as a way to lift wages in many countries.
All Nike shoe factories would meet U. Occupational Health and Safety Administration indoor air quality standards. Nike would include nongovernmental organizations, or NGOs, in factory monitoring, and the company would make inspection results public. Nike would expand its worker education program, making free high-school equivalency courses available.
A micro-enterprise loan program would be expanded to benefit 4, families in Vietnam, Indonesia, Pakistan and Thailand. But the report concluded that "the projects Knight announced have been of little benefit to Nike workers," or "have helped only a tiny minority, or else have no relevance to Nike factories at all.
The report said that "Nike workers are still forced to work excessive hours in high pressure work environments, are not paid enough to meet the most basic needs of their children, and are subject to harassment, dismissal and violent intimidation if they try to form unions or tell journalists about labor abuses in their factories.
Knight said there might have been isolated cases of poor management, but "I don't think that's ever been typical of Nike factories. During an interview, Knight and two top managers noted that Nike has contracts with factories that employ at leastworkers in more than 50 countries, so there are bound to be problems, including cultural differences that shape management practices. Jason Mark, spokesman for Global Exchange, said the key to solving many of those problems would be paying a "living wage" that allowed workers to save money, raise a family and move up to their society's middle class.
Dusty Kidd, vice president of corporate responsibility for Nike, said economic need is important, "but we've yet to really understand how you can predicate a worker's pay based solely on need and not on productivity. The Global Exchange report agreed with Knight on one point: Nike has improved health and safety conditions at its plants. But the labor-rights group urged Knight to make some new promises, including higher wages, independent factory monitoring and support for unions.
Mark, the Global Exchange spokesman, also said that stronger regulation is needed for multinational corporations, whether it is based on U. Shows Good Morning America. World News Tonight.Government to implement minimum wage for factory workers
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College students protesting outside Nike stores around the country. It may seem like a flashback to the s, when Nike became the poster child for corporate irresponsibility and was regularly targeted by anti-sweatshop activists.
Why is Nike Afraid of Disclosing what their Overseas Factory Workers are Paid?
But in recent months Nike has lost much of that goodwill, amid similar allegations, and is sparking new protests led by a new generation of activists. He anticipates about 30 others will join him. Instead, it was kicked out by Gildan Inc. Angeles Solis, a national organizer for USAS, makes it clear that Nike is just one of many corporations that she claims violate workers rights around the world.
So our goal is to improve worker conditions and practices. Two years ago, Nike stopped allowing independent inspectors to monitor working conditions at Nike factories, saying that it would instead carry out these checks on its own. In Cambodiafor instance, workers inside a plant that supplies products to Nike, Puma, Asics, and the VF Corporation were hospitalized after fainting out of exhaustion and hunger as a result of working hour shifts, six days a week, in degree heat.
Nike has been a target of anti-sweatshop protests sincewhen an activist produced a report about factory conditions in Indonesia. However, over the years, it has attempted to improve its image by increasing monitoring in factories and working with human rights groups to clean up its supply chain. Init became the first in the sportswear industry to be fully transparent about all the factories with which it partners, publicly posting its audits.
Nike has clarified that it continues to allow third-party audits at all of its factories. Student activists, for their part, can apply pressure to university administrators to end contracts with Nike until it can prove it is treating workers properly. This approach of targeting colleges has proven particularly effective.
Rutgers has allowed its relationship with Nike to expire and has asked any company that bids on its athletic sponsorship to allow periodic inspections of supplier factories. In the past, Nike has responded to these student protests with targeted measures. Citrix MailChimp. Events Innovation Festival The Grill.
Follow us:. By Elizabeth Segran 5 minute Read. Design Co. Design These recycled shipping containers double as intensive care units Co.As international attention has focused on Colin Kaepernick's Nike adactivists and many on social media have pointed to the well-documented low wages, long hours and poor working conditions many who make the global corporation's products endure.
Nike's new campaign, which commemorates the 30th anniversary of its iconic "Just Do It" slogan, features the former NFL, with the lines: "Believe in something. Even if it means sacrificing everything. The amount factory workers earn making Nike products varies depending on the facility and the country.
Nike did not immediately respond to Newsweek 's request for comment and clarification about how much it pays workers on average. However, a June report from the Clean Clothes Campaign CCC alleged that factory workers today receive even less of Nike profits than they did in the s.
According to CCC, the company has transferred much of its manufacturing to Indonesia, Cambodia and Vietnam as wages have increased in China.
In the three southeast Asian nations, average earnings for garment workers are 45 to 65 percent below the so-called "living wage," according to CCC. Nike told Reuters that all its factories are required to pay at least the local minimum wage or the "prevailing wage.
However, Martin Buttle of the Ethical Trading Initiative, told Reuters that Nike's factories can leave workers "trapped in a cycle of poverty. A June report by The Guardian also revealed that more than workers in four factories supplying to Nike, Puma, Asics and VF Corporation in Cambodia had been hospitalized due to working conditions.
The brands confirmed that the incidents occurred. Most of the workers fainted due to high temperatures and long work hours. Union representatives and workers told the U.
Nike and other sportswear companies are however following normal practices that many of the world's top apparel makers adhere to. The garment industry has also spurred significant economic growth throughout Asia. But this rapid growth has come at a price — and it is the workers who are paying it," Asia Floor Wage, an organization that pushes for better wages for factory workers in various Asian countries, explained on its website. However, often when workers struggle to improve their wage and conditions in one country, companies relocate to another country where wages and conditions are lower," the organization said.
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